Gynaecological cancers

Gynaecological cancers are those involving the female reproductive organs and occur when abnormal cells grow in an uncontrolled way.

Types of gynaecological cancers:

Gynaecological cancers are named according to the organ or part of the body where they first develop. Click on the title to find out more.

Other types of gynaecological cancers include fallopian tube cancer and placenta cancer (a pregnancy-related cancer).

How common are gynaecological cancers?

1,085 Queensland women were diagnosed with gynaecological cancer in 2014 (the most recent figures available). 356 Queensland women died from gynaecological cancer in 2014.

Symptoms of gynaecological cancers?

There are a number of changes women should look out for. The changes may be due to many causes other than cancer but should always be brought to the attention of a doctor.

Women should consult their general practitioner about the following:

  • Abnormal or persistent vaginal bleeding or discharge
  • Changes to the skin of the vulva such as redness, ulceration or irritation and itching
  • Discomfort or bleeding during or after intercourse
  • Changes in menstrual patterrn
  • Post-menopausal bleeding
  • Swollen or bloated abdomen
  • Pelvic or abdominal pressure, pain or backache
  • Changes in toilet habits (increased urination, constipation, diarrhoea)
  • Unexplained weight loss or gain
  • Tiredness
  • Loss of appetite or feeling full quickly.


Whether you have been diagnosed with a gynaecological cancer, or have a family member or friend who is affected by cancer, there are times when you may need support. Our professional services and support programs are here to help you.

Find out more about:

Phone support
Email support
Cancer counselling
Practical and financial support
Support groups
Information sessions

You don’t have to face cancer alone – we’re here to help.

You can also refer to the Endometrial Cancer What to Expect guide or the Ovarian Cancer What to Expect guide to help you make sense of what should happen, and to help you with what questions to ask your health professionals to make sure you receive the best care at every step.