Types of treatment

Your cancer treatment will depend on the type of cancer you have.

Your medical team will recommend treatment based on what will give you the best outcome, where the cancer is, whether and how the cancer has spread, your general health and your preferences.

The treatment options you are offered will depend on the guidelines for best practice for the type of cancer you have.

More information

For more information about treatment speak to the treatment team or call Cancer Council 13 11 20.

The information available on this page should not be used as a substitute for advice from a qualified medical professional who can advise you on your own individual medical needs. It is not meant to be medical advice and is provided for general information purposes only. See our disclaimer.

Treatment decisions

Sometimes it is difficult to decide on the type of treatment to have. You may feel that everything is happening too fast, or you might be anxious to get started. Check with your specialist how soon treatment should begin – often it won’t affect the success of the treatment to wait a while. Ask them…

Surgery

Surgery is a procedure to remove cancer from the body or repair part of the body affected by cancer. It’s sometimes called an operation or surgical resection and is performed by a surgeon. Many cancers that are found early can be removed with surgery, and this may be the only treatment needed. However, not all…

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy (sometimes just called ‘chemo’) is the use of drugs to kill or slow the growth of cancer cells. The drugs are called cytotoxics, when means toxic to cells (cyto). Some of these drugs come from natural sources such as plants, while others are completely made in a laboratory. On this page you will find…

Radiation Therapy

Radiation therapy uses a controlled dose of radiation to kill cancer cells or damage them so they cannot grow, multiply or spread. The radiation is usually in the form of focused x-ray beams, also known as photons. It can also be in other forms such as electron beams, proton beams or gamma rays from radioactive sources.  It…

Targeted therapies

Targeted therapy is a type of drug treatment that attacks the specific features of cancer cells, known as molecular targets, to stop the cancer growing and spreading. How does targeted therapy work? Targeted therapy drugs circulate throughout the body. Each drug acts on a specific molecular target within or on the surface of cancer cells…

Side-effects

Treatment side effects vary depending on the type of cancer you have, the stage of the cancer, and the type of treatment you are given. The changes can be both physical and emotional. Some side effects resolve quickly; others can take weeks, months or even years to improve. Your body will cope with the treatment and…