Search: red blood cells

prostate specific antigen (PSA)

A protein produced by prostate cells. It may indicate prostate cancer and can be used to monitor its recurrence post treatment….

radiofrequency ablation

A treatment that uses radio waves to heat and destroy cancer cells….

radiation therapy

The use of radiation, usually x-rays or gamma rays, to kill cancer cells or injure them so they cannot grow and multiply. Sometimes radiation therapy is used to control pain.

sputum cytology test

Examination of sputum under a microscope to look for cancer cells….

squamous cell

One of the three types of cells that make up the skin’s top layer (epidermis). It is also a found in the outer layer of the cervix (ectocervix) and in the main airways of the lungs….

superficial skin cancer

Cancer that only affects cells on the surface of the top layer of the skin. Not invasive….

tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs)

Targeted drugs that block the enzyme tyrosine kinase, which is a chemical messenger that tells cells when to divide and grow….


A score showing how abnormal cells are when compared to normal tissue. It is used to describe how quickly a tumour is likely to grow.

Brain tumour

A brain tumor is a collection, or mass, of abnormal cells in your brain. Your skull, which encloses your brain, is very rigid. Any growth inside such a restricted space can cause problems. Brain tumors can be cancerous (malignant) or…


The tiny units that govern the way the body’s cells grow and behave. Genes are found in every cell of the body and are inherited from both parents.