Search: red blood cells

radiation therapy

The use of radiation, usually x-rays or gamma rays, to kill cancer cells or injure them so they cannot grow and multiply. Sometimes radiation therapy is used to control pain.

spinal cord

The portion of the central nervous system enclosed in the spinal column, consisting of nerve cells and bundles of nerves that connect all parts of the body with the brain….

glial cell

A type of nervous system cell that surrounds and holds neurons in place; nourishes them; and gets rid of dead cells and germs. Also called neuroglia.

squamous cell

One of the three types of cells that make up the skin’s top layer (epidermis). It is also a found in the outer layer of the cervix (ectocervix) and in the main airways of the lungs….

superficial skin cancer

Cancer that only affects cells on the surface of the top layer of the skin. Not invasive….

tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs)

Targeted drugs that block the enzyme tyrosine kinase, which is a chemical messenger that tells cells when to divide and grow….

grade

A score showing how abnormal cells are when compared to normal tissue. It is used to describe how quickly a tumour is likely to grow.

Melanoma

The most dangerous form of skin cancer, these cancerous growths develop when unrepaired DNA damage to skin cells (most often caused by ultraviolet radiation from sunshine or tanning beds) triggers mutations (genetic defects) that lead the skin cells to multiply…

genes

The tiny units that govern the way the body’s cells grow and behave. Genes are found in every cell of the body and are inherited from both parents.

basement membrane

The foundation layer of tissue that cells sit on.