Search: rectum


The last 15–20 cm of the large bowel, which stores faeces until a bowel movement occurs….

endorectal ultrasound (ERUS)

In this scan, a probe that generates soundwaves is inserted into the rectum. A picture of the rectum is built up from the echoes of the soundwaves.

digital rectal examination (DRE)

An examination in which a doctor puts a gloved finger into the anus to feel for abnormalities in the anus, rectum or prostate gland.

abdominoperineal resection (APR)

An operation for rectal cancer, which involves removing part of the colon and the rectum and anus and creating a permanent colostomy. Also used for anal cancer.


The surgical removal of the entire colon and rectum….


The long, tube-shaped organ in the abdomen that is part of the digestive tract. The bowel has two parts: the small and large bowel. The large bowel includes the colon and the rectum.

anterior resection

A surgical procedure to remove cancer in the rectum.

sigmoid colon

The section of the colon below the descending colon and above the rectum and anus….

large bowel

Part of the lower gastrointestinal tract. The large bowel stores waste until it leaves the body as faeces. Its four main sections are the caecum, colon, rectum and anus. Also called the large intestine.


A procedure in which a doctor inserts a sigmoidoscope into the anus to examine the rectum and lower colon….