Different types of cancer

Physical Activity - running

This information is designed to support you to understand how specific cancers are diagnosed, treated and how to find additional support. This is important as no two cancers are exactly the same in testing, treatments or side effects experienced.

You can download or order any of our Understanding Cancer booklets via our online order form which go into more detail about each cancer

If you can’t find what you are looking call Cancer Council 13 11 20 to speak to a member of our Cancer Information and Support team.

Breast Cancer

Breast cancer occurs when the cells of the breast grow abnormally, causing a tumour to form. Breast cancer affects more Australian women than any other cancer. Men can also get breast cancer, although this is rare. Types of Breast Cancer There are several types and subtypes of breast cancer. Treatment will vary depending on the…

Melanoma

Melanoma is a type of skin cancer. There are three main types of skin cancer that are named after the cells that are affected: squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and melanoma. Melanoma develops from the melanocytes (pigment cells). Melanoma is one of the least common skin cancers. However, it is one of…

Bowel Cancer

Bowel cancer is cancer in any part of the large bowel (colon or rectum). It is sometimes also known as colorectal cancer. Bowel cancer grows from the inner lining of the bowel (mucosa). It may develop from growths on the bowel wall called polyps. On this page you will find information on: How common is…

Brain Tumour

Tumours in the brain and spinal cord can be benign or malignant. Malignant brain tumours are also referred to as brain cancer. Cancer that starts in the brain or spinal cord is considered a primary brain tumour. Cancers that start elsewhere in the body and spread to the brain are called secondary or metastatic brain…

Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer is a malignant tumour in the tissues of the cervix. On this page you will find information on: Types of cervical cancer How common is cervical cancer? What are the risk factors? What are the symptoms of cervical cancer? How is cervical cancer diagnosed? What is the treatment for cervical cancer? What is…

Head and Neck Cancer

Head and neck cancer is a general term used to refer to a range of different cancers that start developing in the mouth, nose and throat areas. Head and neck cancer occurs when malignant tumours grow in any of the tissue or lymph nodes in the head or neck. Not all tumours in the head…

Lung Cancer

Lung cancer is a malignant tumour in the tissue of one or both of the lungs. Some people have primary cancer that started in the lungs. Others have cancer that started somewhere else in the body and spread to the lungs (secondary cancer or metastasis). On this page you will find information on: Types of…

Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian cancer is a malignant tumour in one or both ovaries. Some cases of ovarian cancer may form in the fallopian tube and spread to the ovary. There are many types of ovarian cancer. The three most common types are: Epithelial ovarian cancers Germ cell ovarian cancers Sex-cord stromal cancers On this page you will…

Kidney Cancer

Kidney cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the cells of the kidney. In the early stages, the primary cancer forms a tumour that is confined to the kidney. As the cancer grows, it may invade organs or structures near the kidney, such as the adrenal glands, ureters or liver. It may also…

Skin Cancer

Skin, like all other body tissues, is made up of cells. Its two main layers are the epidermis and dermis. Skin cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the skin. On this page you will find information on: Types of skin cancer How common is skin cancer? What are the risk factors? How…

Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer develops when abnormal cells form in the prostate. Most prostate cancers grow more slowly than other types of cancer. Early (or localised) prostate cancer means cancer cells have grown, but they have not spread beyond the prostate. Some prostate cancers may spread to other parts of the body, such as the bladder, bones…

Cancer of the Uterus

Cancer of the uterus is cancer that begins from abnormal cells in the lining of the uterus (the endometrium) or the muscle tissue (myometrium). The uterus, or womb, is part of a woman’s reproductive system. Uterine cancer can be either endometrial cancer or the less common uterine sarcoma. On this page you will find information…